【RTECS Class】Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Primary Irritant
Physical and Chemical Properties
【Appearance】Colorless to pale yellow oily liquid with a sweet rose odor.
【Solubility in water】Insoluble
【Vapor Pressure】0.013 (25 C)
【Density】0.8965 g/cm3 (0 C)
【Heat Of Vaporization】54.2 kJ/mol
【Usage】In soaps & cosmetics.
【Refractive Index】1.4744 (16 C)
First Aid Measures
【Ingestion】Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
【Skin】Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation develops, get medical aid.
Handling and Storage
【Storage】Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use.
【Handling】Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
【Inhalation】May cause respiratory tract irritation.
【Skin】May cause skin irritation.
【Eyes】May cause eye irritation.
【Ingestion】May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause cyanosis, weakness, acidosis, and shock. Human fatalities have been reported from acute poisoning.
【EC Risk Phrase】R 36/38
【EC Safety Phrase】S 26 36
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety ggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
【Respirators】Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
【Exposure Effects】citral (the main constituent of lemon grass oil) may have a sedative effect.
Fire Fighting Measures
【Fire Fighting】Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Accidental Release Measures
【Small spills/leaks】Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation.
Stability and Reactivity
【Stability】Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Incompatibilities】Strong oxidizing agents - acid chlorides - acid anhydrides.
【Decomposition】Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.