【EC Class】harmful, dangerous for the environment
Physical and Chemical Properties
【Appearance】Odorless colorless to light yellow solid or liquid.
【Solubility in water】Insoluble
【Density】0.914 g/cm3 (20℃)
【Heat Of Vaporization】50.8 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Combustion】-8300 kJ/mol
【Refractive Index】1.5001 (20℃)
First Aid Measures
【Ingestion】Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
【Inhalation】Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
【Skin】Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation develops, get medical aid.
Handling and Storage
【Storage】Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep containers tightly closed.
【Handling】Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Ingestion】May cause liver damage. Causes gastrointestinal tract irritation.
【Inhalation】Causes respiratory tract irritation.
【Skin】Causes skin irritation.
【Eyes】Causes eye irritation.
【Hazards】Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
【EC Risk Phrase】R 51/53
【EC Safety Phrase】S 24/25 61
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
【Personal Protection】Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety ggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
【Respirators】Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Fire Fighting Measures
【Fire Fighting】Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
【Fire Potential】Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Accidental Release Measures
【Small spills/leaks】Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation.
Stability and Reactivity
【Incompatibilities】Bases - acid chlorides - acid anhydrides - oxidizing agents - steel - brass - copper, copper alloys.
【Stability】Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Decomposition】Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
【Combustion Products】Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
【Packing Group】I; II; III
【HS Code】2907 19 00